Army Armor Posters and Arts
The United States Army Armor School is a training school located at Fort Benning, Georgia. Its primary focus is the training of United States Army soldiers, NCOs, and commissioned officers in the operation, tactics, and maintenance of Armor forces and equipment, including the M1 Abrams main battle tank, the Bradley Fighting Vehicle, assorted crew-served and personal weapons, and various other equipment including radios. The school is also the site where U.S. Marines are sent for training on the Abrams tank. The Armor School moved to Fort Benning in 2010 as part of the United States' BRAC program.
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The 195th Armor Battalion of the Nebraska National Guard, headquartered in Kearney, deactivated on Sunday September 2, 2001. The unit was redesignated as the 734th Transportation Battalion (Motor Support). The inactivation and redesignation of the unit was made to maximize the training of National Guard units and to emphasize the ability of the National Guard to provide support services to combat or other Army troops. The history of the unit can be traced back to June 1946 with the 128th Engineer Combat Battalion, a subordinate unit of the 34th Infantry Division which had been formed from both new and pre-existing units. The unit was federally recognized in 1947 and then headquartered in Omaha, NE. It was reorganized and redesignated in 1953 as the 128th Engineer Battalion, relocating in 1959 to Kearney. Four years later, in 1963, the battalion was relieved from its assignment to the 34th Infantry. It was redesiganted in 1968as the 195th Armor regiment, a parent regiment consisting of the 1st Battalion. It was again reorganized in 1978 and as a subordinate unit of the 67th Infantry Brigade. The unit became assigned to the 35th Infantry Division in 1985. It was withdrawn in 1989 from the Combat Arms Regimental System and reorganized under the U.S. Army Regimental System.
Mechanized infantry is infantry equipped with armored personnel carriers (APCs) or infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs) for transport and combat (see also mechanized force). Mechanized infantry is distinguished from motorized infantry in that its vehicles provide a degree of protection from hostile fire, as opposed to "soft-skinned" wheeled vehicles (trucks or jeeps) for motorized infantry. Most APCs and IFVs are fully tracked or are all-wheel drive vehicles (6×6 or 8×8), for mobility across rough ground. Some nations distinguish between mechanized and armored infantry, designating troops carried by APCs as mechanized and those in IFVs as armored. The support weapons for mechanized infantry are also provided with motorized transport, or they are built directly into combat vehicles to keep pace with the mechanized infantry in combat. For units equipped with most types of APC or any type of IFV, fire support weapons, such as machine guns, autocannons, small-bore direct-fire howitzers, and even anti-tank guided missiles are often mounted directly on the infantry's own transport vehicles. Compared with "light" truck-mobile infantry, mechanized infantry can maintain rapid tactical movement and, if mounted in IFVs, has more integral firepower. It requires more combat supplies (ammunition and especially fuel) and ordnance supplies (spare vehicle components), and a comparatively larger proportion of manpower is required to crew and maintain the vehicles. For example, most APCs mount a section of seven or eight infantrymen but have a crew of two. Most IFVs carry only six or seven infantry but require a crew of three. To be effective in the field, mechanized units also require many mechanics, with specialized maintenance and recovery vehicles and equipment.
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Stationed on Camp Casey, 1st Battalion, 72nd Armor Regiment, "First Tank" was located 20 kilometers from the Demilitarized Zone. First Tank was located in Dragon Valley, apart from the rest of Camp Casey. The unit lived and conducted daily operations within the maximum effective range of most North Korean artillery and was situated on their main avenue of approach into the Republic of Korea. As a result of its close proximity to threat forces, 1-72nd Armor was constantly focused on readiness and training.
The US Army currently employs six types of infantry: light infantry (consisting of four sub-types), "Stryker infantry", and mechanized infantry. The infantrymen themselves are essentially trained, organized, armed, and equipped the same, save for some having airborne, air assault, and/or Ranger qualification(s), the primary difference being in the organic vehicles (or lack thereof) assigned to the infantry unit, or the notional delivery method (i.e., parachute drop or heliborne) employed to place the infantryman on the battlefield. All modern US Army rifle platoons contain three nine-man rifle squads, with each type of infantry having a discrete TO&E.
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The Armor Branch of the United States Army is an active combat arms branch. It was created provisionally in 1940 as Armored Force under Chief of the Armored Force, Brigadier General Adna R. Chaffee, Jr. and took control of all tank units in infantry and cavalry units
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The United States Army Aviation Branch is the administrative organization within the United States Army responsible for doctrine, manning and configuration for all aviation units. After the United States Army Air Corps grew into the Army Air Forces and split into the new service, the United States Air Force, the Army was left with its sole fixed-wing aviation units flying L-2 observation planes for artillery units. The Army would develop a new concept of aviation using the helicopter that would show promise during the Korean War and would revolutionize warfare during the Vietnam War.
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