The United States Merchant Marine refers to either United States civilian mariners or to a fleet of U.S. civilian and federally owned merchant vessels. These fleets are managed by either the government or private sector, and engage in commerce or transportation of goods and services in and out of the navigable waters of the United States. The Merchant Marine is responsible for transporting cargo and passengers during peacetime. In times of war, they can be an auxiliary to the United States Navy, and can be called upon to deliver military personnel and materiel for the military. Merchant Marine Officers may also be designated as Military Officers by the Department of Defense. This is commonly achieved by commissioning unlimited tonnage Merchant Marine Officers as Strategic Sealift Officers in the Naval Reserves
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Alerted for movement in May 1965, the organization arrived in Vietnam on 12 August 1965. Its first assigned mission was to operate water terminals at Saigon, Nha Be, Cat Lai, Cam Ranh Bay, Vung Tau, Qui Nhon, Nha Trang, Phan Rang and other locations as directed. The Command was further charged to furnish direct motor transport in support of port and beach clearance, to support tactical requirements and to establish an Air Cargo terminal in Saigon. Initially, the Command had approximately 7,500 troops under its direction to accomplish these missions. Most U.S. Army divisional size units, some smaller units (both U.S. and Allied) and an estimated 70 percent of all supplies for United States and Allied forces in Vietnam have been landed at ports operated by the Command. With the establishment of the U.S. Army Support Commands at Cam Ranh Bay and Qui Nhon in early 1966, the water terminal operations were transferred to them. The Command' s mission was altered to that of operating the Saigon Port complex, a sub-port at Vung Tau and various ammunition distribution sites. During the Command's first year in Vietnam, nearly 1.4 million tons of military cargo had been handled at the Saigon Port alone with an average of 100 ,ships each month. Beginning 4 July 1966 the Command was assigned the further mission of handling U.S. Agency for International Development and Commercial Import Program cargo. Members of the Command are also serving as advisors to officials of the Republic of Vietnam who operate the commercial port of Saigon. With the opening of Newport in August 1966, a recently constructed facility north of Saigon, some of the heavy burden has been taken off the port of Saigon. These newest docks in the Saigon area serve re-routed ships which formerly tied up much of Saigon Port's traffic, plus refining and expediting, handling of USAID/CIP cargo. In July 1967 the U.S . Army Transportation Battalion Vung Tau/Delta (Provisional) was established to operate the U.S. Army Terminal Vung Tau/Delta and to command control the 5th Transportation Company (heavy boat), the 329th Transportation Company (heavy Boat) and the 1097th Transportation Company (Medium. Boat). One of the Command's major achievements in 1966 followed the SS Baton Rouge Victory disaster in August. The Victims, of the underwater mine explosion which blew up the vessel, were brought to hospitals by boats assigned to this Command our tugs helped beach the stricken ship, thus keeping the vital ship channel in the Saigon River, open. Personnel and equipment of the Command managed to salvage a major portion of the cargo aboard the ship which was destined £or Saigon and transported it upriver on barges to its destination. The 4th Transportation Command consists of three transportation terminal service battalions, the 11th Transportation Battalion and 71st Transportation Battalion, the U.S. Army Transportation Battalion Vung Tau/Delta (Provisional), and the 125th (Terminal A) Transportation Command.
Tags: div, division, iv, iii, ii
A dump truck (or, UK, dumper/tipper truck) is a truck used for transporting loose material (such as sand, gravel, or demolition waste) for construction. A typical dump truck is equipped with an open-box bed, which is hinged at the rear and equipped with hydraulic pistons to lift the front, allowing the material in the bed to be deposited ("dumped") on the ground behind the truck at the site of delivery. In the UK, Australia and India the term applies to off-road construction plant only, and the road vehicle is known as a tipper, tipper lorry (UK, India) or tip truck (AU).
Tags: kids, design, vehicle, construction, illustration